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4434Maxwell's demon App for Android
http://www.merlot.org/merlot/viewMaterial.htm?id=929630
Dozens of balls are bouncing around in two boxes, and the Poor Devil can open the gate between the boxes.The aim of this game is to help the Poor Devil separate the fast balls from the slow ones.With each new level the number of balls increases, and so does the difficulty of the game.The game is based on a famous «thought experiment» proposed by 19th-century Scottish scientist James Clerk Maxwell:If we conceive of a being whose faculties are so sharpened that he can follow every molecule in its course, such a being [..] would be able to do what is impossible to us. Maxwell’s Demon, as it became known, would be able to defeat the Second Law of Thermodynamics and produce a reduction in entropy, a physical quantity that normally always increases.This is exactly the Poor Devil’s task: each level of the game starts with maximum entropy, and is only completed when (with some help from the player!) entropy is minimized.Thermal Physics
http://www.merlot.org/merlot/viewMaterial.htm?id=896454
This tutorial contains the following topics:Lesson 1 - Heat and TemperatureLesson 2 Calorimetry8.044 Statistical Physics I (MIT)
http://www.merlot.org/merlot/viewMaterial.htm?id=884608
This course offers an introduction to probability, statistical mechanics, and thermodynamics. Numerous examples are used to illustrate a wide variety of physical phenomena such as magnetism, polyatomic gases, thermal radiation, electrons in solids, and noise in electronic devices.10.40 Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics (MIT)
http://www.merlot.org/merlot/viewMaterial.htm?id=884678
This course aims to connect the principles, concepts, and laws/postulates of classical and statistical thermodynamics to applications that require quantitative knowledge of thermodynamic properties from a macroscopic to a molecular level. It covers their basic postulates of classical thermodynamics and their application to transient open and closed systems, criteria of stability and equilibria, as well as constitutive property models of pure materials and mixtures emphasizing molecular-level effects using the formalism of statistical mechanics. Phase and chemical equilibria of multicomponent systems are covered. Applications are emphasized through extensive problem work relating to practical cases.5.72 Statistical Mechanics (MIT)
http://www.merlot.org/merlot/viewMaterial.htm?id=884061
This course discusses the principles and methods of statistical mechanics. Topics covered include classical and quantum statistics, grand ensembles, fluctuations, molecular distribution functions, other concepts in equilibrium statistical mechanics, and topics in thermodynamics and statistical mechanics of irreversible processes.12.581 Phase Transitions in the Earth's Interior (MIT)
http://www.merlot.org/merlot/viewMaterial.htm?id=884662
This course discusses phase transitions in Earth's interior. Phase transitions in Earth materials at high pressures and temperatures cause the seismic discontinuities and affect the convections in the Earth's interior. On the other hand, they enable us to constrain temperature and chemical compositions in the Earth's interior. However, among many known phase transitions in mineral physics, only a few have been investigated in seismology and geodynamics. This course reviews important papers about phase transitions in mantle and core materials.12.811 Tropical Meteorology (MIT)
http://www.merlot.org/merlot/viewMaterial.htm?id=883860
This course describes the large-scale circulation systems of the tropical atmosphere and analyses the dynamics of such systems. Topics include: Radiative-convective equilibrium; the Hadley and walker circulation; monsoons; tropical boundary layers; theory of the response of the tropical atmosphere to localized sea-surface temperature anomalies; intraseasonal oscillations; equatorial waves; El Niño/Southern Oscillation; easterly waves; and tropical cyclones.Thermoelectric effects Peltier Seebeck and Thomson
http://www.merlot.org/merlot/viewMaterial.htm?id=834130
A simple model system is generated to derive explicit expressions for Peltier, Seebeck and Thomson thermoelectric effects. The model applies an n-type semiconductor junction with two different charge-carrier concentration nL and nR. Peltier and Seebeck effects are calculated by applying a reversible closed Carnot cycle, and Thomson effect by the Boltzmann transport equation.Thermodynamics of cooking
http://www.merlot.org/merlot/viewMaterial.htm?id=759234
This website demonstrates the different types of thermodynamics and how they apply to cooking.Osmosis Desalination and Carnot
http://www.merlot.org/merlot/viewMaterial.htm?id=719839
Discussion of Osmosis and Desalination following Carnot ideas. The energy required for desalination.