To teach students the significant role played by the Conquistadors in the history of the Americas. To provide students with the most current information on the history of Spanish exploration and colonization in the Americas.
Text of Learning Exercise:
1. Go on line. 2. Read the sections Mexico, Peru, Amazonia, North America, Timeline, and Michael's Journal. 3. Answer the following questions, which are designed to illicit analysis, interpretations, and conclusions.
1. Was the fall of the Aztec Empire inevitable? 2. Was Cortes a hero or a villain? 3. Why was the Incan Empire, a well-governed and peaceful empire covering over 2,500 miles conquered by 200 Spanish Conquistadors? 4. What is the legacy of the Incans? 5. How did Francisco de Orellana survive the journey down the Amazon River? 6.Was Orellana a hero or a traitor? 7.Did Orellana find the legendary Amazonian women warriors? 8.Compare and contrast the actions of Caabeza de Vaca with the Conquistadors. 9. Describe Cabeza de Vaca's route. 10.What was most instrumental in defeating the Incas: Spanish weapons, smallpox, or an Incan Civil War? 11.Who were the first Americans? Where did they come from? 12.Compare and contrast the Anasazi, the Woodland Cultures, and the Hohokam people. 13.Identify and give the significance of the following: a. Pedro Arias Davila b. Alonso Alvarez de Pineda c. Hernando Cortes d. Ferdinand Magellan e. Francisco de Orellana f. Hernando de Soto g.
Jacques Cartier h. Francisco Pizarro i. Cabeza de Vaca j. Francisco Hernandez Cordova and Juan de Gryalva k. Vasco Nunez de Balboa l. Pedro Alvarez Cabral m. Vicente Yanez Pinzon 14.Useing the Timeline identify what occurred on the following dates: a. 1500 b. 1501 c. 1513 d. 1514 e. 1518 f. 1519 g. 1519-21 h. 1519-22 i. 1520-21 j. 1525-27 k. 1527-28 l. 1527-36 m. 1532-33 n. 1534 o. 1536 p. 1541 q. 1541-42 r. 1541-42 (second event) 15.Compare and contrast Michael Wood's narrative of his travels to North America, Mexico, the Amazon, and Peru with the narratives of the Conquistadors.