Learning Exercise

Whose "fault" is it?

Students may use powerpoint presentation to first gain knowledge about the types of faults and then view the short animations on the website that show the motion of the fault type. Students will then create a model of a fault region and complete the activity worksheet using the model.

Short animations that show the direction in which the force is applied to form each type of fault. Hanging wall and foot... see more


This assignment consists of 3 parts:
1) Have students view the powerpoint and answer the questions on the notes
2) Have students visit the Types of Faults (animation) website and have them
view each type of fault. Make sure they view the animations more than once so
that they understand what they are watching.
3) Have students color and cut out fault model. Do this as a class so that
everyone is together. Tape model together and have them cut it in half along
the dotted line. Students will then use the fault model to visualize the types
of fault motion and answer the questions on the activity worksheet.

Technical Notes

Can print out notes page for students to complete using powerpoint presentation or have them answer on sheet of paper. Will need to print out model and activity worksheet. Will also need to have supplies to create model (scissors, tape, markers or colored pencils) and do the activity.


Some knowledge of plate boundaries, faults and earthquakes. Need to know how to use the internet.


Faults, earthquakes, normal fault, reverse fault, thrust fault, strike-slip fault,compression, tension, head wall, foot wall.

Learning Objectives

Understand the differences between the different types of faults and what occurs at these breaks in the earth's crust. Understand the differences between head wall and foot wall. Be able to correlate the types of faults to the correct type of plate boundary.