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# Peer Review

## Newton-Raphson Root Finder

by Andrei Ciubotariu

## Ratings

### Overall Rating:

Content Quality:
Effectiveness:
Ease of Use:
 Reviewed: Apr 02, 2014 by Mathematics Overview: This site contains a Java-based applet that uses the Newton’s (a.k.a. Newton-Raphson) method to find roots of real-valued functions. Learning Goals: To provide a numerical and graphical tool for better understanding of Newton’s method. Target Student Population: Students in a Calculus or Numerical Methods course or any other course that discusses linear approximation. Prerequisite Knowledge or Skills: Basic understanding of linear approximation and Newton’s method. Type of Material: Simulation Recommended Uses: This site can be used for individual exploration or as a part of an in-class demonstration. Technical Requirements: Java enabled browser.

### Content Quality

Rating:
 Strengths: In numerical analysis, Newton's method (also known as the Newton–Raphson method), is a method for finding successively better approximations to the zeroes of a real-valued function. This site contains a JAVA based tool that implements Newton’s method to find a root of a user defined function. This tool produces both a numerically found root and a graphical representation of a function whose zero’s is being found and approximation steps. A user has control over the number of iterations, starting point, and the graphing window size. Concerns: The applet does not seem to produce accurate results (or a clear message) for functions that do not have zeros other than a disclaimer at the bottom. The applet can only handle a limited number of functions. For example, it does not seem to allow x^(1/3).

### Potential Effectiveness as a Teaching Tool

Rating:
 Strengths: This site could serve as a supplement to a Numerical Methods course. The applet can be used as an aid to a lecture or as a quick in-class demonstration. It could also be easily used as a part of a self-guided activity. Concerns: The user interface of the site is far from being intuitive. This certainly limits its effectiveness as a tool for self-guided activity. It also misses the mark on the student discovery of a key concept: why Newton’s Method can fail.

### Ease of Use for Both Students and Faculty

Rating:
 Strengths: The site has simple and rather minimalistic design. Once a user learns how to input a function and to use controls, the use of the tool becomes fast. Some instructions are presented and suggested activity is described. Concerns: It takes a while before an average user gets used to the input routine. Students are used to entering functions using the keyboard, so they may have a difficult time figuring out how to use the button operated applet. Also, there is no digital signature embedded in the applet so most students will have difficulty opening the applet.