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The Jet Stream and Horizontal Temperature Gradients

The Jet Stream and Horizontal Temperature Gradients

Dramatic temperature shifts, in which warm, autumn days turn unbearably cold in what seems like minutes, are almost always ushered in by powerful winds. These temperature differences (or temperature gradients) between air masses are what actually causes the wind. This set of interactive graphs, adapted from the University of Wisconsin-Madison, allows users to control the temperature gradient between two air masses and view the effects that changes in the temperature gradient have on wind speed.


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