StAIR: Paraphrasing or Summarizing
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StAIR: Paraphrasing or Summarizing


StAIR: Paraphrasing or Summarizing

Logo for StAIR: Paraphrasing or Summarizing
This StAIR is intended for use with Advanced Level English Language Learning students.It is designed to help students practice for paraphrasing, summarizing, and differentiating between paraphrasing and summarizing effectively.Instructional Objectives:Students will be able to effectively paraphrase sentences and texts by using their own lexical resourcesStudents will be able to effectively summarize texts of their level by extracting the main ideasStudents will be able to differentiate between... More
Material Type: Presentation
Technical Format: HTML/Text
Date Added to MERLOT: April 21, 2013
Date Modified in MERLOT: October 31, 2014
Keywords: summarizing, StAIR, presentation, paraphrasing


  • Reviewed by members of Editorial board for inclusion in MERLOT.
    Editor Review (not reviewed)
  • User review 4 average rating
  • User Rating: 4 user rating
  • Discussion (1 Comment)
  • Learning Exercises (none)
  • Personal Collections (none)
  • Accessibility Info (none)


Primary Audience: College General Ed
Mobile Compatibility: Not specified at this time
Technical Requirements:  
Language: English
Cost Involved: no
Source Code Available: unsure
Accessiblity Information Available: unsure
Creative Commons: Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 United States


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Discussion for StAIR: Paraphrasing or Summarizing

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Avatar for Denise Keil
1 year ago

Denise Keil (Teacher (K-12))

As a teacher in a language center I can appreciate the need for such a resource.  Students need instruction in a number of different venues for  understanding and I see where linguisticly challenged students would benefit from your StAIR.  I wonder if creating three different projects would be a little more beneficial.  The information could be scaffolded for students that still are struggling with the concept of Plagerism, Paraphrasing, and Summarizing.  I liked the additional feature of the practice citation simulation.  I think an additional StAIR could be created just using that topic also.  I am concerned with the text heavy slides.  Could the addition of audio for second language learners be used to scaffold instruction?  It would also add additional UDL principles into the presentation.  

You address the needs of the students by giving clear directions on each slide, an additional feature that would address clarity would be to keep the same formatting for each set of directions.  Some slides were text heavy and the directions blended together. I understand the need for the heavy instructional slides but could you add video lectures at some points or in addition to what you have presented in a text format.  

The teacher and student directions set clear expectations and I believe you achieve your goal for the lesson.  Your examples supported the material content, and gave the learner an opportunity to try using the new learning on their own.  

Overall, the StAIR supports second language students in the use of identifying Plagerism, Paraphrasing, and Summarizing techniques.  

Technical Remarks:

To further the language acquisition pedagogy of speaking, listening, reading, and writing of learning a new language you could add voicethreads strategically throughout your presentation to aid students in understanding.  An additional UDL support could be using small video clips of the readings to reach auditory learners.  I did not have any problems navigating within your project and all links took me to the correct areas.

Time spent reviewing site: 75 minutes