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Pakseresht, S., Ingle, G. K., Bahadur, A. K., Ramteke, V. K., Singh, M. M., Garg, S., & Agarwal, P. N. (2009). Risk factors with breast cancer among women in Delhi. Indian J Cancer, 46(2), 132-138.Abstract Background: The incidence of breast cancer is on the rise in India, breast cancer is the second most common malignancy in...
Pakseresht, S., Ingle, G. K., Bahadur, A. K., Ramteke, V. K., Singh, M. M., Garg, S., & Agarwal, P. N. (2009). Risk factors with breast cancer among women in Delhi. Indian J Cancer, 46(2), 132-138.
Background: The incidence of breast cancer is on the rise in India, breast cancer is the second most common malignancy in Indian women. Aim: The aim of this study was to find out the association of various risk factors with breast cancer among women in Delhi. Settings and Design: This was a case-control study in Lok Nayak Hospital, Delhi. Methods and Material: 332 women were studied. Subjects were women with breast cancer (N = 115) and age matched Control subjects (N-217) without breast cancer, attending Lok Nayak Hospital during 2006. Subjects were interviewed using a pretested questionnaire. The risk factors studied were: age, parity, socioeconomic status, marital status, breast feeding, menarche, menopause, family history. Statistical Analysis: Data was expressed in proportion. Results and Conclusions: Age of the patient ranged from 25 to 80 years. In this study, 69 (60%) cases and 127 (58.5%) controls were illiterate, the mean duration sum of total breast feeding for all children was 6.58 years in cases and 7.4 years in controls (OR = 1.91; 95% CI, 1.17 - 3.13) (P < 0.006). In the present study 52.9% of the cases and 47.9% of controls had attained menopause before the age of 45 years, and a higher number of controls were living with spouses than cases (P < 0.0001). A larger number of controls (150, 69.1%) were living in urban areas than cases (65, 56.5%) (P<0.05). There was a significant difference between breast cancer cases and controls in relation to place of residence, occupation, marital status, body mass index and breast feeding.