This is a QR code. A QR Code is a 2-dimensional barcode, which has encoded in it a URL (web address), text, or other information. It can be read by a QR code scanner, including QR scanner smartphone apps. Once you have an app installed on your smartphone, open the app and hold your phones camera over a QR code to read it. Most QR codes youll come across have a URL encoded, so chances are when you read the QR code it will take you to a web page.
Reviewed by members of Editorial board for inclusion in MERLOT.
Useful material in MERLOT
Click to get more information on the MERLOT Editors' Choice Award in a new window.
Click to get more information on the MERLOT Classics Award in a new window.
Click to get more information on the MERLOT JOLT Award in a new window.
Search all MERLOT
Click here to go to your profile
Click to expand login or register menu
Select to go to your workspace
Click here to go to your Dashboard Report
Click here to go to your Content Builder
Click here to log out
Please give at least one keyword of at least three characters for the search to work with. The more keywords you give, the better the search will work for you.
select OK to launch help window
You are now going to MERLOT Help. It will open in a new window
For optimal performance of MERLOT functionality, use IE 9 or higher, or Safari on mobile devices
Verma, Y., Pradhan, P. K., Gurung, N., Sapkota, S. D., Giri, P., Sundas, P., . . . Nandakumar, A. (2012). Population-based cancer incidence in Sikkim, India: report on ethnic variation. Br J Cancer, 106(5), 962-965. doi: 10.1038/bjc.2011.598AbstractBackground:A Population-Based Cancer Registry (PBCR) was set up in Sikkim (a state...
Verma, Y., Pradhan, P. K., Gurung, N., Sapkota, S. D., Giri, P., Sundas, P., . . . Nandakumar, A. (2012). Population-based cancer incidence in Sikkim, India: report on ethnic variation. Br J Cancer, 106(5), 962-965. doi: 10.1038/bjc.2011.598
A Population-Based Cancer Registry (PBCR) was set up in Sikkim (a state in the North Eastern India) in 2003. We examined incidence rates by ethnic groups from 2003–2008.
Age-adjusted incidence rates (AARs) per 100000 person-years were calculated by direct method using the world standard population, and analysed by ethnic group (Bhutia, Rai and other).
There were a total of 1148 male and 1063 female cases of cancer between 2003 and 2008 on the Sikkim PBCR. The overall AARs were 89.4 and 99.4 per 100000 person-years in males and females, respectively. Incidence rates were highest amongst the Bhutia group (AAR=172.4 and 147.4 per 100000 person-years in males and females, respectively), and the largest difference in rates were observed for stomach cancers with AARs being 12.6 and 4.7 times higher in the Bhutia group compared with other ethnic groups in males and females, respectively.
These observations call for further epidemiological investigations and the introduction of screening programmes.