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Randomized techniques for parameterized algorithms

Randomized techniques for parameterized algorithms

This video was recorded at ALGO Annual Meeting 2012, Ljubljana. Since the introduction of the Color Coding technique in 1994 by Alon, Yuster, and Zwick, randomization has been part of the toolkit for proving fixed-parameter tractability results. It seems that randomization is very well suited to parameterized algorithms: if the task is to find a solution of size k and only those random choices need to be correct that are directly related to the solution, then typically we can bound the error probability by a function of k. The talk will overview through various concrete examples how randomization appears in fixed-parameter tractability results. We argue that in many cases randomization appears in form of a reduction: it allows us to reduce the problem we are trying to solve to an easier and more structured problem.


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