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Neuroscience Course for Basic Medical Science

by Sanjoy Sanyal
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Neuroscience is a comprehensive lecture and laboratory course that provides an integrated multidisciplinary study of the structure and functional relationships of the central and peripheral nervous systems. Essential to a proper understanding of Neurosciences is the ability to classify, correlate, associate and link the various entities and modules, much the same way as normal human cognition works in real life. This subject assumes basic knowledge of anatomy of Head and Cranial nerves. The syllabus is divided into easily understandable modules based on Snell's chapter, supplemented by Board Review Series. Neurobiology and neurophysiology, brain metabolism, and the effects of damage and disease on cells of the central nervous system are covered in detail in the initial part of the course. Students are also introduced to techniques of neuro-imaging and taught introductory clinical assessment during this time. Thereafter the entire central nervous system, from spinal cord upwards to the cerebral cortex, is covered in minute detail. Each component of CNS is subdivided into two parts; the normal concepts and the pertinent clinical correlations. Knowledge is imparted by comprehensive techniques that utilize visual, verbal, auditory and kinesthetic learning styles of individuals. Learning is enhanced through laboratory gross brain dissection, imaging techniques and discussion of clinical correlations. Research skills are honed by subjecting students to a small project work, which they have to present towards the end of the course.



L1 Organization of Nervous System - Part 1

L1 Organization of Nervous System - Part 2


The required text book for Neuroscience is -

1. Snell, Richard S. Clinical Neuroanatomy for Medical Students - 7th edition, Wolters Kluwer / Lippincott; ISBN-13: 978-0-7817-9427-5   ISBN-10: 0-7817-9427-7

2.  Fix, James D, Brueckner J. K.  High Yield Neuroanatomy - 4th Edition; Wolters Kluwer / Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins; ISBN-13: 978-0-7817-7946-3 ISBN 10: 0-7817-7946-4

The following review books are recommended for further reading:

1.  Fix, James D.  Neuroanatomy Board Review Series (BRS), 4th edition, Wolters Kluwer / Lippincott-Williams and Wilkins, 2008; ISBN - 13: 978-0-7817-7245-7, ISBN - 10: 0-7817-7245-1

2. Lippincott's Illustrated Q&A review of Neuroscience. 1st edition 2011; Author: Duane E. Haines. Wolters Kluwer / Lippincott Williams and Wilkins. ISBN 13:978-1-60547-822-7; ISBN 10:1-60547-822-9

3. Haines, Duane. Neuroanatomy: An Atlas of Structures, Sections and Systems; 7th Edition; Publisher: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins ISBN - 13: 978-0-7817-6328-8



Learning Outcomes:

Lecture-series 1: Introduction and Organization of the nervous system

Learning objectives

  • Nervous system functional correlate (Slide 3)
  • Main divisions of nervous system (Slides 4 - 5)
  • Coverings / spaces of the CNS (Slides 6 - 9)
  • Histological components of NS (Slides 10)
  • Subdivisions of CNS (Slide 11)
  • Spinal cord subdivisions / dissection / overview of tracts (Slides 12 - 15)
  • Subdivisions of PNS (Slide 16)
  • Spinal nerves (Slides 17 - 18); Spinal segment (Slide 19); Dermatomes (Slides 19 - 26)
  • Cranial nerves: Overview (Slide 27)
  • Ganglia: Spinal / Cranial / Autonomic (28 - 33)
  • Brain: Embryological subdivisions / component overview (Slides 34 - 48)

Learning outcomes: At the end of these lecture-series the student should

  • Have a thorough knowledge of the basics of the nervous system, its classification and subdivisions
  • Know the basics of neuro-imaging techniques and principles



Pedagogy Approach:


Online teaching: Access to online resources mentioned below

Group lectures: It instill basic understanding of concepts of Neuroscience and how it relates to neurological diseases

Specimen dissection: Hands on experience in handling wet brain specimens, clinical testing for sensory, motor and cranial nerve deficits, lumbar puncture; basic neuro-radiological interpretation

Model handling: Plasticized models for understanding components of brain



Assessment Methodology:

First exam (Block 1)                 15%

Second exam (Block 2)             20%

Third exam (Block 3)                20%

Fourth exam (Block 4)              20%

Shelf exam                              25%

Total                                       100%



Other related links:

1. L1 Organization of Nervous System - Part 1:

2. L1 Organization of Nervous System - Part 2:





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Technological Innovations in Neurology 2 - Sanjoy Sanyal

Added 06/11/2014

Online Neurology - Technological innovations

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