This collection contains the Affordable Learning Solution for the Southern University System (AL$4SUS) list of peer-reviewed textbooks for Organismal Biology, Ecology and Evolution (common course-id BIOL 130 S), one of the top 50 college courses identified for inclusion in the Southern University Online Library for Education (SUOLforEd).
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General Course Description: BIOL 130 S
This course sequence, intended for majors, includes a survey of the biology and diversity of organisms and examines the basic principles governing evolution of organisms and interactions between organisms and the environment. The course sequence emphasizes classification, structure and function of organisms, ecological principles, and mechanisms of evolution.
Minimum Units: 8.0
Any rationale or comment: This descriptor is a sequence composed of at least two courses with a total minimum of 6.0 units of lecture and 2.0 units of lab covering the course content below. All courses used to meet this sequence are recommended to be taken at the same institution.
More than one combination of courses may fulfill these requirements; but each combination must include all of the following:
- Overview of tree of life
- Phylogeny/Evolutionary History of major taxa
- Systematics and Taxonomy: Classification schemes
- Survey of animal phyla
- Survey of plant phyla
- Animal Systems Structure: Anatomy
- Animal Systems Function: Physiology
- Plant systems structure: anatomy
- Plant systems function: physiology
- Animal Development and life cycles
- Plant development and life cycles
- Population Ecology
- Population structure, growth, regulation, and fluctuation
- Intraspecific interactions
- Social systems and behavior
- Community Ecology
- Interspecific interactions: Predator-prey relations, competition, symbiosis
- Community structure and succession
- Ecosystem diversity (Biomes)
- Ecosystems ecology:
- Trophic structure
- Energy flow
- Nutrient cycling and ecosystem integrity
- Conservation biology
- Mechanisms of Evolutionary change: Natural Selection, Genetic Drift,
- Gene Flow, and Mutation, and Nonrandom Mating
- Population genetics
- Speciation and Extinction
The laboratory component must include greater than 80% hands-on activities that support the learning goals of the course. Laboratory content must be considered when matching courses to this descriptor.
Typical laboratory content includes:
- Use of experiments to explore course topics.
- Appropriate statistical analysis of data.
- Population growth modeling.
- Measures of species diversity and richness.
- Mechanisms of evolution.
And the following for representative organisms in phyla from both animals and plants:
- Microscopic and gross comparative anatomy, including dissection.
- Comparative study of functional morphology.
- Comparative study of physiology.
- Comparative study of developmental stages and life cycles.
Typical laboratory activities may also include:
- exploratory activities in systematics,
- collection and analysis of population data,
- field observations,
- field sampling methods,
- field trips, and
- Apply the processes of scientific inquiry including experimental design.
- Carry out an experiment to test a specific hypothesis using appropriate controls.
- Explain the essential elements of life, major hypotheses for life’s history, mechanisms for the diversification of life, and macroevolution.
- Apply the tools of evolutionary biology to the analysis and evaluation of historical relationships among organisms.
- Describe mechanisms of evolutionary change including micro-evolutionary forces that determine patterns of genetic diversity within species.
- Provide evidence for evolution.
- Evaluate the ecological relationships of organisms at the population, community, and ecosystem level.
- Describe flow of energy within an ecosystem and the role of nutrient cycling in maintaining ecosystem integrity.
- Explain fundamental prokaryotic replication, metabolism, and cellular structure in relationship to evolution of diversity.
- Compare and contrast differences in animal development and life cycles.
- Compare and contrast differences in plant development and life cycles.
- Describe how plants and animals maintain homeostasis: water and ion balance, gas exchange, energy and nutrient acquisition, temperature regulation.
- For major taxa of protists, fungi, plants and animals,
- Identify major groups and arrange them within currently recognized taxa.
- Compare and evaluate different phylogenies in terms of relationships amongst taxa.
- Describe structural organization/morphology.
- Identify and describe structures and relate them to their functions.
- Classify individual representative specimens to phylum.