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Oceanography in the 21st Centure: Our Ocean Planet

Oceanography in the 21st Centure: Our Ocean Planet

" Most recent oceanography textbooks, despite their emphasis on the latest news from oceanography, are still organized around biological, chemical, geological, and physical oceanography."  "19th century oceanography emphasized: Animals, currents, and the shape of the sea floor; Man the explorer sailing the seas in ships; Static systems unchanged for millions of years. 21st century oceanography emphasizes: Ocean as one part of earth-system science; Dynamic interacting systems, abrupt climate change, and the increasing influence of human activity; Microbes, the carbon cycle, El Nino; Computer models and analysis; Machine the explorer, robotics, satellites, and undersea observing systems."



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