Learning Exercise

Goldberg Variations: Module 11

Sixth reading (of seven) on the Goldberg Variations.


"Bach to School" is open-content curriculum that threads its way through four summative works of J. S. Bach. Designed... see more


  1. Go to the following URL and scroll down to Module 11: http://bach.nau.edu/goldberg/gbSCHOOL.html.
  2. Read the essay: "The Bees Were About their Usual Business."


  • Meaning of the canon that Bach holds in the Haussman portrait
  • The Goldberg ground as a melody in the public domain and how Bach realized its full potential as a contrapuntal subject
  • Bach's respect for 16th-century counterpoint -- the stile antico.
  • Double counterpoint and motivic combinatoriality likened to linguistic riddles
  • The┬ácanonic paradox
  • Canon as Symbolum
  • Why was Bach so drawn to counterpoint?


  1. Answer the ten questions at:
  2. Enter your name and instructor's email at the top of the page and then click the "Send to Instructor" button.