This RLO is part of "Research methods" module. This module is designed primarily for students taking sport-related courses, but knowledge and use of research methods is widely shared across a range of social science disciplines, so students from any other such discipline should find this useful too. It is important to focus on methods, almost to the exclusion of any actual content, at least until you find your bearings. Thus although there are important differences between them students of Outdoor Adventure should find something of interest in material devoted to discussing Leisure, Sport Development, Sport Management and others. This RLO explains why academic argument is as it is, and why it needs to be practised.This resource has been created within the Open Educational Resources project "Evaluating the Practice of Opening up Resources for Learning and Teaching in the Social Sciences" [C-SAP OER], undertaken by the Subject Centre for Sociology, Anthropology and Politics based at University of Birmingham, for further information see here: http://www.c-sap.bham.ac.uk/subject_areas/elearning/oer/default.htm. The project is part of UK-wide Open Educational Resources programme [UKOER]. Within the programme, JISC (Joint Information Systems Committee) and the Higher Education Academy are collaborating on the with the aim of enabling higher education institutions, consortia and individuals to share learning materials freely online. The programme supports universities and colleges in exploring processes and policies, intellectual property rights, cultural issues, technical requirements and data management issues.