Course ePortfolio

Organismal Biology (Introduction to Biology)

This collection contains the California Open Educational Resources Council (CA OER) list of peer-reviewed textbooks for Organismal Biology (Introduction to Biology) (common course-id BIOL 140), one of the top 50 college courses identified for inclusion in the California Open Online Library for Education (COOLforEd).

CID Number: BIOL 140

General course Description: BIOL 140

This course, intended for biology majors, is a survey of the basic biology and diversity of unicellular and multicellular organisms.  It emphasizes general biological principles, classification, structure, function and evolutionary adaptations of organisms (including plants, fungi, animals, and unicellular organisms) to their environments.

Minimum Units: 4.0


Prerequisites: Eligible for college-level math (C-ID MATH 110, 120, 130, 140, 150, 151 OR any other course with Intermediate Algebra as a prerequisite)

Corequisites: None

Advisories/Recommendations:  Preparation: Completed C-ID BIOL 190; eligible for English Composition (C-ID ENGL 100)

Pedagogical Approach


Learning Outcomes

At the end of this course, students should be able to:

  • Explain the essential elements of life, major hypotheses for life’s history, and mechanisms for the diversification of life.
  • Compare and contrast the development, life cycles, anatomical and physiological characteristics of major taxa of organisms
  • Evaluate the relationships of organisms to each other and their environments.
  • Describe, identify key characteristics and classify representative specimens down to representative phyla.
  • Apply the processes of scientific inquiry, phylogenetic analysis, and experimental design to the diversity of organisms.


A variety of assessment techniques that may include:

  • examinations
  • laboratory reports
  • laboratory practicals
  • projects
  • papers

Other Information


Course Resources

  • General Biology
    General Biology (Open (Access) Textbook)
    This is a Wikibook for the subject of biology. The word biology means, the science of life, from the Greek bios, life,... More
  • Concepts of Biology
    Concepts of Biology (Open (Access) Textbook)
    Concepts of Biology is designed for the introductory biology course for nonmajors taught at most two- and four-year... More
  • Boundless Biology Hub
    Boundless Biology Hub (Open (Access) Textbook)
    Boundless offers affordable and effective alternatives to expensive textbooks. Boundless Biology features 47 chapters... More