Race and Gender Differences in College Major Choice
This study investigates whether differences in college major choice by gender, race, and ethnicity are present at the start of college and if they can be explained by variation in academic preparation. The authors find that significant differences by gender, race, and ethnicity exist even after controlling for the Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT) score and high school class rank. Gender differences are much larger than racial and ethnic disparities. Furthermore, women are more likely to switch away from an initial major in engineering than are white men.