Material Detail

City of Grand Rapids’ Sustainable Development Plan

City of Grand Rapids’ Sustainable Development Plan

The city of Grand Rapids uses a Quadruple Bottom Line (QBL) approach, which is similar to the Triple Bottom Line (TBL) approach used by many but is expanded to include Governmental Accountability. So, Grand Rapids measures sustainability using (1) Environmental Quality, (2) Social Responsibility, (3) Economic Prosperity, and (4) Governmental Accountability. They say they accomplish this by considering how policies, plans and programs impact: People, Planet, Prosperity. The page goes into further detail with links to in-depth exploration of each of their QBL categories, including detailed plans and policies for each. Also found on this page is reports and documents, city sustainability announcements, awards, the city’s understanding of sustainability, information on the Sustainability... Show More


  • User Rating
  • Comments
  • Learning Exercises
  • Bookmark Collections
  • Course ePortfolios
  • Accessibility Info

More about this material


Log in to participate in the discussions or sign up if you are not already a MERLOT member.