Open Science by Design: Realizing a Vision for 21st Century Research
The 2019 National Academies report "Open Science by Design: Realizing a Vision for 21st Century Research" discusses the global research enterprise and the movement of its stakeholders towards an Open Science ecosytem. The report probes the motivations and limitations of allowing free access [Open Access] to scholarly publications, the data from scholarly research, and the methodologies, including code or algorithms that were used to generate these data. Openness and sharing of information are critical factors that enable scientific progress and the effective functioning of the research enterprise. Note: recent passage of (H.R. 4174) and enactment (Jan. 15, 2019) of the "Open, Public, Electronic, and Necessary Government Data Act" supports NASEM's Open Science report.