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The adrenergic system in cardiovascular physiology and pathophysiology

The adrenergic system in cardiovascular physiology and pathophysiology

Cardiovascular diseases pose an enormous clinical challenge, remaining the most common cause of death in the world. β-adrenoceptors play an important role on cardiac, vascular and/or endothelial function at a cellular level with relevant applications in several cardiovascular diseases, such as heart failure and hypertension. G protein–coupled receptors (GPCRs), including β-adrenergic receptors, constitute the most ubiquitous superfamily of plasma membrane receptors and represent the single most important type of therapeutic drug target. Sympathetic nervous system hyperactivity, which characterizes several cardiovascular diseases, such as heart failure and hypertension, as well as physiological ageing, has been proved to exert in the long-term detrimental effects in a wide range of... Show More

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