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Advanced neuroimaging methods for studying autism disorder

Advanced neuroimaging methods for studying autism disorder

Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are a category of pervasive developmental disorders (PDD) that affect 1 in 150 children, and whose causes are still mostly unknown. Autistic symptomatology is characterized by severe impairments that mainly affect social interaction, while spare basic cognitive skills and do not imply emotional disturbance. Widespread abnormalities are also found in communication. Notably, autistic children usually have difficulties to develop language and in some circumstances do not even acquire meaningful speech. Many attempts have been made to provide neurobiological models of autism. Functional magnetic resonance imaging investigations have highlighted reduced responses in social key areas, as the amygdala, medial prefrontal cortex, cingulate cortex and superior temporal... Show More
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