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Reactive power compensation: a basic overview

Reactive power compensation: a basic overview

In this work, a basic introduction to the reactive power compensation has been presented. First, the most important problems caused by the generation, transmission and distribution of reactive power are explained. Then, the measures adopted by the electrical utility to discourage the consumption of Q are briefly commented. The reactive power compensation mechanism is analyzed both under intuitive and under physical perspectives. Then, the different modalities for reactive power compensation (individual and centralized) are described and their respective elements, application scopes, advantages and drawbacks analyzed. Finally, the last section is devoted to the basic design of the elements of a reactive power compensation system, both individual and centralized.


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