This learning resource in the PubMed Health A.D.A.M. medication encyclopedia is about hypertension (high blood pressure). Blood pressure is the measurement of the force against the walls of the human arteries as blood is pumped by the heart through these arteries in to the whole body. Another name for high blood pressure is hypertension. High blood pressure is measured using the cuff and the stethoscope. The right blood preesure cuff must be used to get the correct blood pressure. The normal blood presure for an adult is 120/80. The following conditions may increase the risk of someone having high blood pressure: eating too much salt, obesity, smoking, sedentry life style, and stress. High blood pressure can be controlled with diet, and exercise.