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"Designing Nanocomposite Materials for Solid-State Energ Conversion" icon

Designing Nanocomposite Materials for Solid-State Energ Conversion

New materials will be necessary to break through today’s performance envelopes for solid-state energy conversion devices ranging from LED-based solid-state white lamps to thermoelectric devices for solid-state refrigeration and electric power generation. The combination of recent materials advances and development of practical “bottom-up” nanofabrication methods offers to provide the degrees of freedom necessary to design practical nanocomposite-based devices that can eclipse the performance of conventional thin-film or bulk devices. Relaxation of elastic mismatch strain at free surfaces in semiconductor nanorods and nanowires allows the accommodation of a broader range of lattice mismatch and band-lineups in coherent nanostructures than is possible in thin-film heterostructures. This new... Show More


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