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"Students' Perceptions of Online or Face-to-Face Learning and Social Media in Hospitality, Recreation and Tourism" icon

Students' Perceptions of Online or Face-to-Face Learning and Social Media in Hospitality, Recreation and Tourism

The implications of learning online versus face-to-face have been discussed for several years in higher education. This study examined these issues in the context of hospitality and recreation majors in an urban, multicultural university in Northern California. Comparison of the online group and the face-to-face group was conducted to evaluate differences in student learning perceptions regardless of the course delivery method and the online environment, including the course and the general use of leisure time spent in online social networks. No statistically significant difference in learning preference was found between those enrolled in the two different learning modes. Students in both learning platforms felt strongly that their chosen mode was the best for them. Participants were able to develop, grow, and be creative while learning in a cutting-edge, high tech environment with little or no physical contact. Regarding time spent online generally, students used "My Space" or "Facebook" frequently, but they did not believe they spent more time online interacting with others than they did face-to-face.

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