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Detecting Motifs Under Uniform Scaling

Detecting Motifs Under Uniform Scaling

This video was recorded at 13th ACM SIGKDD International Conference on Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining (KDD), San Jose 2007. Time series motifs are approximately repeated patterns found within the data. Such motifs have utility for many data mining algorithms, including rule-discovery, novelty-detection, summarization and clustering. Since the formalization of the problem and the introduction of efficient linear time algorithms, motif discovery has been successfully applied to many domains, including medicine, motion capture, robotics and meteorology. In this work we show that most previous applications of time series motifs have been severely limited by the definition's brittleness to even slight changes of uniform scaling, the speed at which the patterns develop. We introduce a new algorithm that allows discovery of time series motifs with invariance to uniform scaling, and show that it produces objectively superior results in several important domains. Apart from being more general than all other motif discovery algorithms, a further contribution of our work is that it is simpler than previous approaches, in particular we have drastically reduced the number of parameters that need to be specified.


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