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Multitask Learning Using Nonparametrically Learned Predictor Subspaces

Multitask Learning Using Nonparametrically Learned Predictor Subspaces

This video was recorded at NIPS Workshops, Whistler 2009. Given several related learning tasks, we propose a nonparametric Bayesian learning model that captures task relatedness by assuming that the task parameters (i.e., weight vectors) share a latent subspace. More specifically, the intrinsic dimensionality of this subspace is not assumed to be known a priori. We use an infinite latent feature model - the Indian Buffet Process - to automatically infer this number. We also propose extensions of this model where the subspace learning can incorporate (labeled, and additionally unlabeled if available) examples, or the task parameters share a mixture of subspaces, instead of sharing a single subspace. The latter property can allow learning nonlinear manifold structure underlying the task parameters, and can also help in preventing negative transfer from outlier tasks.

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