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Mathematics Lesson Plan for Finding Tax, Tip and Total at a Restaurant

Mathematics Lesson Plan for Finding Tax, Tip and Total at a Restaurant

Here is a lesson plan and assignment to teach students the concept of finding percent of a number through the application of finding tax, tip, and total at a restaurant. This lesson allows students to use the Internet to search for a restaurant menu, create a meal, then calculate the final cost of their total bill.


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Lonna Hill
Lonna Hill (Teacher (K-12))
10 years ago

This is a fantastic lesson with real-world application. The steps provided in the lesson write-up are very easy to follow. The objectives are clearly stated and will be easy for students to understand. The lesson has a nice hook, using a funny video to get students interested and it also draws them in by helping them to clearly see the need for the real-world application of what they are learning. There is a lot of modeling done by the teacher to ensure that students can clearly understad the steps to correctly completing the tasks, and students are provided with assignment sheets that clearly outline the steps and expectations. It accomodates multiple learning styles and uses a variety of instruction techniques. Scaffolding is clearly provided for the students as the students are given lots of practice and the teacher has opportunity to check student work and provide feedback. The formative assessment ensures that all students in the class are understanding the information as it is taught and practiced.

Technical Remarks:

I like that students use something that they are familiar with every day (school lunches) and then are allowed to explore other menus on the internet. I like that they are given freedom to explore different restaurants, but I would also provide a list of menus/sites that the teacher is familiar with and that the teacher knows would be easier for the students to work with.

Time spent reviewing site: 30 minutes
Jennifer Peraino
Jennifer Peraino (Faculty)
10 years ago

This lesson plan addresses a very common need that every informed individual should understand. This lesson hits home because I was a waitress for many years, and was not always tipped correctly even when I gave good/excellent table service. I worked at a low priced restaurant in Flint, Michigan, and a high attraction restaurant with expensive menu items in Frankenmuth, MI. It didn’t matter where I was a server; I found that not all people have this knowledge. This lesson is well thought out and conveyed in a detailed manner. Each expectation is clearly written and easily reproducible. The lesson has clear objectives, several means of assessment of the students’ understanding. The familiarity of school lunches is a great final assessment that relates the need of this knowledge to the students. This lesson is also clear and easy to understand for the students since they should already know how to use the technology, and have experienced the giving of tips and taxes in their personal lives. Next, the lesson incorporates technology students are familiar with to accomplish the goals of this lesson. Most students, by sixth grade, understand the basics of using a computer and the internet. This aligns with the majority of the NETs for students (numbers 2-6). Adding in the skit as a preparatory element, intended to get the students’ attention, further incorporates technology that enhances the intended learning outcome. It also provides comic relief to a subject (math) that not all students are good at. Pedagogical speaking, this lesson incorporates aspects of all three major learning styles: visual, auditory, and kinesthetic. Visual learners benefit from seeing what they are learning. This lesson fulfils that need by a teacher lead example. Auditory learners’ needs are met because there is group discussions about what is expected of them, as well as, group activates that require communication between group members. Kinesthetic learners learn best through illustrating their knowledge through movement. Having the students applying their knowledge with the lunch menu is a very natural way to have kinesthetic express their understanding. Other pedagogy noted are: whole class discussions on teacher lead example, peer directed learning through activity practices, and effective classroom management as teacher is circling the room while students work.

Technical Remarks:

As a user of online ordering, I would make sure that the teacher looks through as many online menus as possible before starting this lesson. Some sites may be confusing to students, and some might not have costs for the items.  I would also add in the discussion about online etiquette with regards to actually placing orders from the websites.

Time spent reviewing site: 30