Nonfiction Text Structures
This Nonfiction Text Structure presentation can be used as a launch or a Stand Alone Instructional Resource for students in grades fourth through sixth. It focuses on introducing five different types of text structures to the kids in order to help identify nonfiction text. The following types of text structures are: description, sequence, problem and solution, compare and contrast, and cause and effect. This lesson is crucial for students to understand how to recognize each of the text structures and pick out key words in the text.
More about this material
Andrew Murray (Student)
This is a great resource! The lessons taught are very valuable. I like the graphics as well as the colors and fonts. Students should connect easily to the presentation. Lots of great examples and a step-by-step process is a big bonus to this project. You outline what is going to be taught, teach it, and also tell students how it will connect to their academic lives in other realms. Awesome!
When thinking about UDL, it might be interesting to consider how students might be able to visualize certain sentence structures (using video or graphics that underline or point out key words and phrases in the sample sentence). Additionally, audio might be a great complement to this presentation.
One other note: it seems that the end of the presentation is geared for an instructor-led presentation (i.e. "look at the sentence on the board). Students may be confused by this if they reviewed the presentation on their own.
The links on slide 9 do not work. I probably blame this on SlideShare, as it does not allow the navigation tools to work properly either (I've had the same problem).
Jennifer Esch (Teacher (K-12))
In terms of ease of use, I like that this resource opens right up on the web. It would be easy for a teacher to bookmark the site and/or direct students to the URL on any laptop or computer in order to access the activity. Within MERLOT, the description of the activity is excellent; I felt like I knew what to expect in terms of content and age. The presentation itself fulfilled those expectations.
Within the presentation itself, I enjoyed the coloring and font choices; they seemed appropriate for the age for which the StAIR is directed. The number of words on each slide seemed to be the right amount for the age group. I also liked how the author includes key words to look for; I think this will help students understand and apply the principles being taught in the lesson.
There were times I wondered if complete sentences might be easier to follow. For example, if the slide were to say “A sequence is... (1) definition #1 or (2) definition #2.” It might depend on learner preference, however. I liked that there was an example/quiz included within the presentation, but wished that there were more. I might have added one example (no quiz element) after each definition.
It also seems the activity might require additional explanation by the teacher, particularly with the application to students’ learning. That being said, I liked the integration of a group/in-class activity. While the teacher explanation and group activity mean that it might be difficult for the presentation to be a completely stand-alone instructional resource, I think that each element works well together to meet the needs of students with various strengths and learning needs. For instance, students should be able to work through the presentation at their own pace in class, with assistance from the teacher only if and as much as necessary. As students finish, they could form groups for the classroom activity and have an opportunity to collaborate while applying what they’ve learned.
The icons on the slides themselves did not seem to work; I tried two different internet browsers and had the same trouble on each one. The navigation buttons beneath the slides worked, however.
On slide #9 (sample sentence), the links did not seem to go anywhere. Moving through the presentation, it seemed that they were supposed to let students know if they made the correct/incorrect choice on the self-quiz. It also took me a minute to realize there were links there because the coloring blended in with the slide background. Overall, the presentation seemed well thought out and, with a few slight alterations in regard to the links within the slides, could be a great tool for an elementary school class.