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Crisis at Fort Sumter

Crisis at Fort Sumter

"Crisis at Fort Sumter" is an interactive historical simulation and decision making program. Using text, images, and sound, it reconstructs the dilemmas of policy formation and decision making in the period between Abraham Lincoln's election in November 1860 and the battle of Fort Sumter in April 1861. The program primarily focuses on Lincoln, both as President-elect and as President. Viewers place themselves in Lincoln's position, consider the events that transpire, and choose a course of action at five critical junctures, called "problems." At each of these five junctures, Lincoln made a decision that helped determine the outcome of the crisis at Fort Sumter. In order to assess each problem and make a decision, advice is available from official advisors, such as cabinet members, and from... Show More

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Barbra Bied Sperling
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Sara Heavns
Sara Heavns (Librarian)
2 weeks ago
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Jack Jamison
Jack Jamison (Student)
3 weeks ago
Construction of Fort Sumter was still underway when South Carolina seceded from the Union on December 20, 1860. Despite Charleston’s position as a major port, at the time only two companies of federal troops guarded the harbor. Commanded by Major Robert Anderson (1805-1871), these companies were stationed at Fort Moultrie, a dilapidated fortification facing the coastline. Recognizing that Fort Moultrie was vulnerable to a land assault, Anderson elected to abandon it for the more easily defensible Fort Sumter on December 26, 1860. South Carolina militia forces would seize the city’s other forts shortly thereafter, leaving Fort Sumter as the lone federal outpost in Charleston. A standoff ensued until January 9, 1861, when a ship called the Star of the West arrived in Charleston with over 200 U.S. troops and supplies intended for Fort Sumter. South Carolina militia batteries fired upon the vessel as it neared Charleston Harbor, forcing it to turn back to sea. Major Anderson refused repeated calls to abandon Fort Sumter, and by March 1861 there were over 3,000 militia troops besieging his garrison. A number of other U.S. military facilities in the Deep South had already been seized, and Fort Sumter was viewed by many as one of the South’s few remaining hurdles to overcome before achieving sovereignty. Double glazing Glasgow
Used in course? Yes
Jack Jamison
Jack Jamison (Student)
3 weeks ago
Fort Sumter is an island fortification located in Charleston Harbor, South Carolina. Originally constructed in 1829 as a coastal garrison, Fort Sumter is most famous for being the site of the first shots of the Civil War (1861-65). U.S. Major Robert Anderson occupied the unfinished fort in December 1860 following South Carolina’s secession from the Union, initiating a standoff with the state’s militia forces. When President Abraham Lincoln announced plans to resupply the fort, Confederate General P.G.T. Beauregard bombarded Fort Sumter on April 12, 1861. After a 34-hour exchange of artillery fire, Anderson and 86 soldiers surrendered the fort on April 13. Confederate troops then occupied Fort Sumter for nearly four years, resisting several bombardments by Union forces before abandoning the garrison prior to William T. Sherman’s capture of Charleston in February 1865. After the Civil War, Fort Sumter was restored by the U.S. military and manned during the Spanish-American War (1898), World War I (1914-18) and World War II (1939-45). photo booth hire Glasgow
Used in course? Yes
Time spent reviewing site: 40 mins
wings io
wings io (Student)
3 weeks ago
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Kimberly Phillips-Hoyle
4 years ago

I really liked the use of the calendars to show the time frame of events as well as the use of the Notebook page for students to answer the questions.

Technical Remarks:

I found it a bit hard to read with the background texture.

Time spent reviewing site: 20 minutes
Dennis Beck
Dennis Beck (Faculty)
3 years ago

Interesting, text-heavy simulation about the Crisis at Fort Sumter. Users should be notified about the text-heavy nature and small size of the videos that display on the screen. 

Used in course? Yes
Janet Bowen
Janet Bowen (Content Developer/Author)
4 years ago
This is a nice Internet lesson. However it desperately needs to be updated. 1. There should be a consistent menu for the student to return to the home page. 2. The assignments sound reasonable. However the instructions do not work for an online environment. It appears this is supplemental for a live class where more instruction is given elsewhere. 3. The site feels as outdated as it is. It is difficult to imagine that this lesson could not be enhanced in ten years. History education has changed and students are supposed to look at different points of view instead of just learning facts. With that said, I really do like the base concept of this site. I would love to see how it would look; should it receive a makeover to the 21st century.
Tina Burton
Tina Burton (Administrator)
6 years ago

Nicely done; I lived in the area as a child and this was a great review of the history lessons in school. I like the video snippets, although mine displayed very badly; that could be a local issue though. The embedded links for more details on significant figures were a nice addition. I can see this being quite useful at the middle and high school level where history is a tough subject for students to absorb and remain interested in studying.

DeAnn Ambroson
DeAnn Ambroson (Faculty)
9 years ago
Lots of fascinating information provided. Not my area of expertise, but very interesting, nonetheless.

Technical Remarks:

Fairly easy to navigate. Need to use the "back" button to get back to the material after selecting a link; otherwise fine.
vishal sharda
vishal sharda (Student)
9 years ago
Crisis at Fort Sumter using text images and sound. and it was aloso used by abe lincoln.
Joseph Pugh
Joseph Pugh (Staff)
9 years ago
A very interesting approach, definitely some elements I'd like to make use of.
Sandi Gardner
Sandi Gardner (Faculty)
10 years ago
It is a good assignent, though it is outside my area of expertise. Nice interaction to get the student involved.