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Machine Learning Methods For Protein Analyses

Machine Learning Methods For Protein Analyses

This video was recorded at 3rd International Workshop on Machine Learning in Systems Biology (MLSB), Ljubljana 2009. Computational biologists, and biologists more generally, spend a lot of time trying to more fully characterize proteins. In this talk, I will describe several of our recent efforts to use machine learning methods to gain a better understanding of proteins. First, we tackle one of the oldest problems in computational biology, the recognition of distant evolutionary relationships among protein sequences. We show that by exploiting a global protein similarity network, coupled with a latent space embedding, we can detect remote protein homologs more accurately than state-of-the-art methods such as PSI-BLAST and HHPred. Second, we use machine learning methods to improve our ability to identify proteins in complex biological samples on the basis of shotgun proteomics data. I will describe two quite different approaches to this problem, one generative and one discriminative.

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