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Modeling the Digital Camera Pipeline: From RAW to sRGB and Back

Modeling the Digital Camera Pipeline: From RAW to sRGB and Back

This video was recorded at NIPS Workshops, Sierra Nevada 2011. This talk presents a study of the in-camera imaging process through an extensive analysis of more than 10,000 images from over 30 cameras. The goal is to investigate if output image values (i.e. sRGB) can be transformed to physically meaningful values, and if so, when and how this can be done. From our analysis, we show that the conventional radiometric model fits well for image pixels with low color saturation but begins to degrade as color saturation level increases. This is due to a color mapping process which includes gamut mapping in the in-camera processing that cannot be modeled with conventional methods. To address this issue we introduce a new imaging model for radiometric calibration together with an effective calibration scheme that allows us to compensate for the nonlinear color correction to convert non-linear sRGB images to CCD RAW responses.


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