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Instructional Design and Learning Theory

Instructional Design and Learning Theory

This paper provides basic background information about behaviorism, cognitivism and constructivism and a discussion of how these theories of learning relate to instructional design. A PDF version of this 32-paper is also available for downloading.


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IZZA CORTES (Teacher (K-12))
4 years ago
Es importante el uso de las estrategias didácticas para el mejor aprendizaje de los alumnos, con la metodologia del aprender haciendo el alumno logra un aprendizaje significativo.
IZZA CORTES (Teacher (K-12))
4 years ago
Cómo influye el diseño instruccional en el aptendizaje de los alumnos?
Stacie Fruster
Stacie Fruster (Student)
4 years ago

I love the explanation of Blooms Cognitive Theory because knowledge, comprehension along with analysis skills will help when trying to complete elearnings.  Keller's Plan, however, ties into the individuality one would need to complete the prerequisited plans I would lay out for each of my learners.

Technical Remarks:

Technically, I would need to provide a more modern approach in how I would teach a class.

Time spent reviewing site: 2 days
Amy Grincewicz
Amy Grincewicz (Administrator)
6 years ago

This document would have been of great use to me when I was in my introductory classes of instructional design.  Many of the references were sources I used to create a foundation in instructional design information.  I created a similar outline for use in my courses.  However, I think students would learn more if they created their own outline of relevant information rather than being provided the information.  With that said, this document would be helpful for me in teaching instructional design since it hits on all the major points. 

The quality of the content is extremely high.  The document provides an overview to the introductory concepts a student in instrucional design must know.  The material can be used in the introductory lessons of a intro. to instructional design course. 

Ease of use could use some work.  The bolding and changes in text size for the sections help readers with organization, but the document has alot of text and isn't very flexible since if you want to navigate back to a section you just have use the scroll bar. 


Technical Remarks:

It would have been since to have a clickable table of contents at the begninng to help with the organization and ease of reviewing.  In additon, knowledge checks and/or application questions would have been helpful after each section would aid students in the learning process.

Time spent reviewing site: 30 minutes
Barbara M. Hall, PhD
Barbara M. Hall, PhD (Faculty)
6 years ago

While this resource is more of a paper than a presentation, it does accurately convey an overview of the development of three of the contributing theories to instructional design.

I would love to see some updates reflecting some of the theories that have been reconsidered or developed since the paper was written in 1998. I find it particularly helpful that the paper is available for download in both English and Spanish. The generous use of hyperlinks at the beginning of the essay is helpful, and I would like to see hyperlinks used through the essay to help the reader navigate easily back-and-forth within the document.


Another helpful aspect is that the paper links to other papers from the same department, allowing a user to browse additional content that is not necessarily stored in MERLOT. The latest article at the site was from 2008, so I am not sure what this represents for the university department or the maintenance of that particular element of the web site.

Lorna Kearns
Lorna Kearns (Staff)
6 years ago

This paper provides thorough, high-level coverage of the three paradigms in learning theory: behaviorism, cognitivism, and constructivism. Coverage includes history, explanation, and a thought-provoking comparison of the development of learning theory to the development of atomic theory.

Betty Rohlehr
Betty Rohlehr (Faculty)
16 years ago
I spent approx one hour on the first day and about fifteen minutes on the second
The paper discusses the learning theories but what was more interesting is how
the paper demonstrated the relationship between the learning theories and their
application to learning and teaching using educational technology. Of
significance for me is how easily it suggests the effective use of these
learning theories to online teaching and learning. Simultaneously, it describes
the historical development of educational technology and how this development
paralleled the development of new and modification of other learning theories.
Quite obviously then, if these are appropriately used, faculty's teaching and
students' learning will be enhanced.
I found the site easy to navigate.

Technical Remarks:

I do not consider myself computer 'savvy' but I found it easy to use so I
see no reason for first time users to find it difficult.
Broad headings or the option of topics or authors etc. facilitate the navigation
of this site.
Trimaine Eley
Trimaine Eley (Student)
16 years ago
I truly loved this cite. I may use allot of the information to create my own
tool in teaching others. I plan on becoming an Athletic Director. In order to
achieve my ulitmate goal, my mentor has suggested that I start in the highschool
ranks as a Guidance Counselor.

Technical Remarks:

Military and Industrial approach. I believe I can translate this approach into
my own philosphy.
Gagne's And Briggs model: 1. Action 2. Object 3. Situation 4. Capability to be
learned. Young individuals as well as adult should apply this approach and I
believe success will come.
Karen Smith-Gratto
Karen Smith-Gratto (Faculty)
17 years ago
I am using this site in my Foundations of Instructional Technology class. This
is a good site for use in not only that class but - Instructional Design,
Learning Theories, or other courses that require considering how design and
theory are related. The site provides a very good overview. I may not agree
with all conclusions within the paper, but the overall quality is good and the
paper is well thought out.

Technical Remarks:

Since it is essentially a paper, it is easy to use. All of the links work.
Susan Powers
Susan Powers (Faculty)
17 years ago
An excellent paper that can provide an instructor of graduate instructional
technology with several teaching opportunities: sample of a paper written by a
graduate student, sample of a paper written in hypertext, an overview of
learning theories and instructional design.

Technical Remarks:

The paper provides a good conversational tone regarding the many theories and
definitions that will not put off students who struggle to understand these
theories and their interconnectedness.

While the length of the paper will cause difficulties for students with reading
disabilities or non-native speakers, the hypertext links help to compensate
that, providing addiitional user control. Also the ability to download the
paper for offline reading is a plus.

Students and faculty alike often struggle to understand how to write effectively
for the online environment and this paper is a good example of how a
"traditional" topic can be treated electronically.